The Perfection of Religion in the Qur’an
QS AlMā’idah verse 3 in the view of Ibnu ‘Abbas and Hamka’s Interpretation
Keywords:The Perfection of Religion, Al-Mā’idah : 3, Ibnu ‘Abbas, Hamka
Islam was comprehensive for all human races, in all areas of their lives, and whenever they live until the Judgment Day is coming. This is what is commonly called as Islam is universal. When The Prophet Muhammad SAW was performing of Hajj Wadā’ came down the al-Mā’idah verse: 3 has become an argument for some Muslims to show that Islam is perfect. In this time, many cases of a wrong understanding of religion's perfection will cause problems such as radicalism, disbelief of other groups, and even terrorism. Therefore, the writer used two problem statements: how is the interpretation of religion perfection in QS. al-Mā’idah : 3 according to Tafsīr Ibnu ‘Abbās and Tafsir Al-Azhar then how is the relevance of Ibnu ‘Abbas and Hamka’s interpretation related to the perfection of religion with the Indonesian context. The method used by the writer in this research is library research with descriptive analysis and used philosophical hermeneutics by Hans Georg Gadamer. Then, the writer concluded The meaning perfection of religion in QS. al-Mā’idah : 3 according to Ibnu ‘Abbas in Tafsīr Ibnu ‘Abbās which is Allah SWT has perfected the faith of the Prophet Muhammad and the believers, there is no need for additions and no deductions for eternity. According to Hamka in Tafsir Al-Azhar, the perfection of religion is the creed, worship, syariat, muamalah, and munakahat was sufficient and there will be no additional. However, Hamka allows for ijtihad in matters other than worship and syariat. Therefore, Islam does not freeze. Then, in Indonesia context that consists of various tribes, languages, cultures, and religions. Therefore, the meaning of surrender to God can be reflected in Indonesia. Because all religions also teach surrender to God or in other words “kalimatun sawā’”. Suppose someone has a resigned attitude to God. In that case, it will minimize fanaticism, claiming the truth of his religion, insulting other groups who disagree with their perception, the narrow meaning of jihad and the blasphemy of religion, even radicalism, because someone considers that in other religions there is also faith. However, change is greatly affected by time and space. In terms of religions, that is permanent, and some are changing or normative Islam and historical Islam. By having an attitude of surrender to God, it is possible to happen tolerant to other religions. In brief, Indonesia can still be a country with the slogan “Bhineka Tunggal Ika” which means “unity in diversity”.
A. Shomad, Bukhori. 2013. “Tafsir Al-Qur’an & Dinamika Sosial Politik (Studi Terhadap Tafsir Al-Azhar Karya Hamka)”. Jurnal Tapis Vol. 9 No. 2.
Abu Thalhah, Ali bin. 2009. Tafsīr Ibnu ‘Abbās (Al-Musamma Shahifah Ali bin Abu Thalhah an Ibnui Abbas fi Tafsir Al-Qur’an Al-Karim), Tahqiq dan Takhrij: Rasyid Abdul Mun’im Ar-Rajal. Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam.
Afandi, Anang Lukman. 2011. “Negara dan Pluralisme Agama (Studi Pemikiran Hasyim Muzadi Tentang Pluralisme Agama di Indonesia Pasca Orde Baru”, dalam Skripsi. Jakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah.
Al-Qattan, Manna Khalil. 2013. Studi Ilmu-Ilmu Qur’an. Bogor: Pustaka Litera AntarNusa.
Alviyah, Avif. 2016. “Metode Penafsiran Buya Hamka dalam Tafsir Al-Azhar”. Jurnal Ilmu Ushuluddin, Vol. 15, No. 1.
Asy’ari Ulama’i, A. Hasan. 2004. “Tanwir Al-Miqbas Min Tafsir Ibnu ‘Abbas Karya Al-Fairuzabadi”. Jurnal Wahana Akademika, Vol. 6, No. 2.
Fitriyati, Yusida. 2014. “Kedudukkan Ashabah dalam Kasus ‘Aul Menurut Ibnu ‘Abbas”. Jurnal Nurani, Vol. 14, No. 2.
Hakim Ahmad and M. Thalhah. 2005. Politik Bermoral Agama Tafsir Politik Hamka. Yogyakarta: UII Press.
Hamka. 2003. Tafsir Al-Azhar. Jilid 3. Singapura: Pustaka Nasional Pte Ltd.
Hidayat, Usep Taufik. 2015. “Tafsir Al-Azhar : Menyelami Kedalaman Tasawuf Hamka”. Jurnal Al-Turāṡ Vol. XXI, No. 1.
Kaelany. 2005. Islam dan Aspek-Aspek Kemasyarakatan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Khakim, M. Nur Fahrul Lukmanul. 2014. “Nilai Kebangsaan dalam Karya Sastra Hamka 1930-1962”. Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya, Vol. 8 No. 2.
M. Yunus, Firdaus. 2014. “Agama dan Pluralisme “. Jurnal Islam Futura, Vol. 13. No. 2.
Malkan. 2009. “Tafsir Al-Azhar: Suatu Tinjauan Biografis dan Metodologis”. Jurnal Hunafa, Vol. 6, No.3.
Rahman, M. Syaiful. 2014. “Islam dan Pluralisme”. Jurnal Fikrah, Vol. 2, No. 1.
Rasyid, Muhammad Makmun. 2016. “Islam Rahmatan Lil Alamin Perspektif KH. Hasyim Muzadi”. Jurnal Episteme, Vol. 11, No. 1.
Setiamin. 2018. “Lokalitas dalam Tafsir Al-Azhar Karya Hamka (Analisis Kritis Atas QS. al-Baqarah )”, Thesis. Tulungagung: Institut Agama Islam Negeri Tulungagung.
Sumbulah, Umi dan Nurjanah. 2013. Pluralisme Agama; Makna dan Lokalitas Pola Kerukunan Antarumat Beragama. Malang: UIN Maliki Press.
Syafi’i, Abdul Manan. 2014. “Pengaruh Penafsiran Al-Manar terhadap Penafsiran Al-Azhar”. Jurnal Miqot Vol. XXXVIII No. 2.
The Quran; An English Translation of the Meaning of the Quran. 1980. Checked and Revised By: Mahmud Y. Zayid. Lebanon: Dar Al-Choura.
“PBNU: HTI Mengkafirkan Orang Yang Tak Sepaham, Ini Memecah Umat” https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3503053/pbnu-hti-mengkafirkan-orang-yang-tak-sepaham-ini-memecah-umat acccessed on 21 August 2019.
“Kasus Penodaan Agama, Ahok Divonis Dua Tahun Penjara” https://nasional.tempo.co/read/873597/kasus-penodaan-agama-ahok-divonis-2-tahun-penjara/full&view=ok acccessed on 21 August 2019.
“Serangan Bom di Tiga Gereja Surabaya: Pelaku Bom Bunuh Diri, Perempuan yang Membawa Dua Anak” https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/indonesia-44097913 acccessed on 21 August 2019.
“Abdul Somad Dilaporkan Ke Mabes Polri Atas Dugaan Penistaan Agama” https://tirto.id/abdul-somad-dilaporkan-ke-mabes-polri-atas-dugaan-penistaan-agama-egx2 acccessed on 21 August 2019.
“Kultum Quraish Shihab: Kejumudan dan Mereka yang Menyembah Kitab Suci”, https://tirto.id/kejumudan-dan-mereka-yang-menyembah-kitab-suci-cqtv acccessed on 30 August 2019.
Jayani, Dwi Hadya. “Jumlah Penduduk Indonesia 269 Juta Jiwa, Terbesar Keempat di Dunia”. https://databoks.katadata.co.id acccessed on 31 August 2019.
“Agama di Indonesia”. https://Wikipedia.org
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Amalina Setiani, Muhammad Labib Syauqi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).