International Journal of Social Science and Religion (IJSSR) http://ijssr.net/index.php/ijssr <p><strong>International Journal of Social Science and Religion (IJSSR) [P : <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1593362198">2723-5920</a>, E : <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1593353248" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2746-086X</a> ] </strong>is an academic journal focused on publishing scholarly work that promotes and fosters knowledge in the field social science and religion. All submissions undergo peer review, and the article in <strong>English or Arabic</strong>. The Journal is constituted by an Editorial Board and managed by a Journal Editor. Contact us e.ijssr@gmail.com</p> Indonesian Academy of Social and Religious Research (IASRR) en-US International Journal of Social Science and Religion (IJSSR) 2723-5920 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> <p> </p> In Search of the Encounter between Religion and Mathematics http://ijssr.net/index.php/ijssr/article/view/31 <p>Religion and mathematics are perceived as two things that are very reciprocally exclusive; this is due to the opinion asserting that mathematics is considered as valid and objective knowledge. On the other hand, religion is something interpretive and subjective. Historically speaking, religion and mathematics have a strong association and in certain aspects, both of them have points of contact that can permeate each other. The forms of intersection between mathematics and religion need to be analyzed so that we will be able to see more clearly the current religious phenomenon. This study investigates and discovers a potential encounter between religion and mathematics. To see the relationship between religion and mathematics, and even their fusion, the first thing to do is determine the definition of religion and mathematics. With a clear understanding of both, the encounter points will be easier to recognize. The research method used in this study is a literature review. This study collects systematically a variety of literature related to the theme under study. The encounter between religion and mathematics undergoes at five dimensions, they are ontological, epistemological, teleological, theoretical and application dimension. This study more focused on similarities to reveal the connection between religion and mathematics.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Wiwit Kurniawan Tri Hidayati Copyright (c) 2020 Wiwit Kurniawan, Tri Hidayati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 199 212 10.2020/ijssr.v1i3.31 The Perfection of Religion in the Qur’an http://ijssr.net/index.php/ijssr/article/view/24 <p>Islam was comprehensive for all human races, in all areas of their lives, and whenever they live until the Judgment Day is coming. This is what is commonly called as Islam is universal. When The Prophet Muhammad SAW was performing of Hajj Wadā’ came down the&nbsp;<em>al-Mā’idah verse</em>: 3 has become an argument for some Muslims to show that Islam is perfect. In this time, many cases of a wrong understanding of religion's perfection will cause problems such as radicalism, disbelief of other groups, and even terrorism. Therefore, the writer used two problem statements: how is the interpretation of religion perfection in QS.&nbsp;<em>al-Mā’idah&nbsp;</em>: 3 according to&nbsp;<em>Tafsīr Ibnu ‘Abbās</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Tafsir Al-Azhar</em>&nbsp;then how is the relevance of Ibnu ‘Abbas and Hamka’s interpretation related to the perfection of religion with the Indonesian context. The method used by the writer in this research is library research with descriptive analysis and used philosophical hermeneutics by Hans Georg Gadamer.&nbsp; Then, the writer concluded The meaning perfection of religion in QS.&nbsp;<em>al-Mā’idah&nbsp;</em>: 3 according to Ibnu ‘Abbas in&nbsp;<em>Tafsīr Ibnu ‘Abbās&nbsp;</em>which is Allah SWT has perfected the faith of the Prophet Muhammad and the believers, there is no need for additions and no deductions for eternity. According to Hamka in&nbsp;<em>Tafsir Al-Azhar</em>, the perfection of religion is the creed, worship, syariat, muamalah, and munakahat was sufficient and there will be no additional. However, Hamka allows for ijtihad in matters other than worship and syariat. Therefore, Islam does not freeze. Then, in Indonesia context that consists of various tribes, languages, cultures, and religions. Therefore, the meaning of surrender to God can be reflected in Indonesia. Because all religions also teach surrender to God or in other words “<em>kalimatun sawā’</em>”. Suppose someone has a resigned attitude to God. In that case, it will minimize fanaticism, claiming the truth of his religion, insulting other groups who disagree with their perception, the narrow meaning of jihad and the blasphemy of religion, even radicalism, because someone considers that in other religions there is also faith. However, change is greatly affected by time and space. In terms of religions, that is permanent, and some are changing or normative Islam and historical Islam. By having an attitude of surrender to God, it is possible to happen tolerant to other religions. In brief, Indonesia can still be a country with the slogan “<em>Bhineka Tunggal Ika</em>” which means “unity in diversity”.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Amalina Setiani Muhammad Labib Syauqi Copyright (c) 2020 Amalina Setiani, Muhammad Labib Syauqi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 213 232 10.2020/ijssr.v1i3.24 The Role of the WTO in Mediate Dispute Palm Oil Between Indonesia and the European Union http://ijssr.net/index.php/ijssr/article/view/16 <p>Several major European countries, such as France and Germany, have included CPO in the list of non-environmentally friendly products. Some countries impose additional import duties because CPO is considered as damaging as alcohol. This research is descriptive and uses a normative juridical approach. There are several demands put forward by the European Union for palm oil entering its territory, these demands include the importation of palm oil, either for food or for industrial purposes. Hence, the European Union requires sustainable palm oil production. Besides, the European Union believes that the use of palm oil for fuel production will endanger the sustainability of other foodstuffs, especially for the poor. The European Union's accusation of environmental threats is considered impure as environmental protection. Many argue that the accusation is only a political step by the European Union in anticipating the development of exports of Indonesian CPO products to Europe.</p> Yana Sylvana Yohanes Firmansyah Hanna Wijaya Michelle Angelika S Copyright (c) 2020 Yana Sylvana, Yohanes Firmansyah, Hanna Wijaya, Michelle Angelika S https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 233 250 10.2020/ijssr.v1i3.16 Impact of Nationwide Lockdown on Students of Higher Education http://ijssr.net/index.php/ijssr/article/view/25 <p>Following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in India, the Union Government of India announced nationwide lockdown. As the nationwide lockdown was implemented in India from 25<sup>th</sup> of March 2020, almost every sector of the Indian economy came to a halt. Along these circumstances, all kinds of educational institutions were also shut down. Evidently, and as anticipated, the students were among those groups that suffered the most during nationwide lockdown. Consequently, learning status of the students was hard-hit. The present study is an attempt to measure the impact of nationwide lockdown on the learning status of the students who were pursuing undergraduate and postgraduate courses at the University of Jammu at the time of announcement of nationwide lockdown. In order to collect data for the present study, an online questionnaire was developed using the <em>Google Forms</em> platform and link of the questionnaire was provided to 300 students who were pursuing undergraduate and postgraduate courses at the University of Jammu at that time. The responses from the students were received between 20<sup>th</sup> of August 2020 and 26<sup>th</sup> of August 2020. The data were then tabulated and analysed. It was observed that a large proportion of the respondents could only complete half of their syllabus (or even less) through online learning mode during nationwide lockdown, and that they had to face a variety of problems, such as anxiety, poor physical heath, poor internet connectivity, etc. It is suggested that the governments and the concerned authorities must aim to make policies to establish a resilient educational structure that is able to tackle situations like the COVID-19 pandemic and nationwide lockdown, so that the young mind’ productivity is not compromised.</p> Jasbir Singh Rahul Kundal Neharica Subhash Copyright (c) 2020 Jasbir Singh, Rahul Kundal, Neharica Subhash https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 251 264 10.2020/ijssr.v1i3.25 Disaster Mitigation: Optimizing the Function of Executive and Legislative Institutions in Handling Covid-19 http://ijssr.net/index.php/ijssr/article/view/27 <p>Through Presidential Decree (Keppres) Number 12 of 2020 the President has designated Covid-19 as a National Disaster. Handling Covid-19 requires good cooperation between elements, both society, government and state institutions. The President as an executive institution and the DPR as a legislative institution have very broad functions and powers in dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic. Namely, by optimizing the functions and powers it has in dealing with Covid-19 by establishing policies that aim to overcome Covid-19 without bringing political interests. This study uses a phenomenological research method with a normative juridical approach. With a descriptive analysis thinking method that aims to explain what is happening in the community and the government's anticipation in dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic. The results of this study are that the executive and legislative bodies must be more maximized and more assertive in implementing policies to deal with covid-19.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Anifatul Kiftiyah Copyright (c) 2020 Anifatul Kiftiyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 265 280 10.2020/ijssr.v1i3.27 Implementing Student Tolerance and Patriotism Through Learning History of National Movements http://ijssr.net/index.php/ijssr/article/view/28 <p>This study aims to obtain: (1) inculcating the values ​​of tolerance and patriotism of students through learning the history of the national movement, (2) difficulties experienced by history teachers, and (3) efforts made by history teachers to overcome these difficulties. This study uses qualitative methods, with a single embedded case study strategy. This study was conducted at SMA Negeri 11 Yogyakarta. Data were collected through observation, in-depth interviews, and document study. The data analysis technique used the interactive model of Miles and Huberman's analysis. The results of the study show that: (1) Inculcating the values ​​of tolerance and patriotism in students, namely through learning preparation, learning implementation, (using the discussion method, because in discussions it is easy to instill the values ​​of tolerance and patriotism in students), and evaluation (2) The difficulty faced by history teachers is that they have little time to study, and currently online learning makes it difficult for teachers to socialize with students. (3) Efforts made by history teachers, in overcoming these difficulties, were to make themselves role models and motivators for their students. In the end, after the obstacles were overcome, the students' tolerance and patriotism values ​​increased.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muslim Muslim Warto Warto Djono Djono Copyright (c) 2020 Muslim Muslim, Warto Warto, Djono Djono https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 281 294 10.2020/ijssr.v1i3.28 Identification of the Exemplary Values of Buya Ahmad Rasyid Sutan Mansur in History Learning at SMA Muhammadiyah 3 Surakarta http://ijssr.net/index.php/ijssr/article/view/29 <p>Exemplary values ​​need to be upheld with great pride and practiced in everyday life. It must be admitted that the current exemplary value tends to decrease in practice. Therefore, exemplary values ​​need to be socialized to the younger generation through history learning. by identifying the exemplary values ​​of Buya Ahmad Rasyid Sutan Mansur into students through history learning materials. The research method in this study is a qualitative method with a Discourse Analysis approach. The strategy in this research is a single case study. Data were collected through observation, in-depth interviews, documentation. Data validity was done through source triangulation. The data analysis technique uses several stages, namely data reduction, data presentation, concluding with interactive analysis by Milles and Huberman. The results of this study indicate: (1) that Buya Ahmad Rasyid Sutan Mansur has 5 exemplary values ​​listed in Strengthening Character Education including Religious Values, Nationalism, Leadership and Struggle, Teguh Establishment, which is expected to foster exemplary values ​​in history learning by highlighting character values ​​contained in it. (2.) Obstacles Faced by Teachers in Learning History at SMA Muhammadiyah 3 Surakarta, namely inadequate learning resources, the insufficient learning time in learning, and lack of student activity levels in learning.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ihsan Ihsan Sariyatun Sariyatun Djono Djono Copyright (c) 2020 Ihsan Ihsan, Sariyatun Sariyatun, Djono Djono https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 2020-12-17 2020-12-17 295 308 10.2020/ijssr.v1i3.29